Tirta Empul Temple is about 36 km from the city of Denpasar, in Tampak siring district, Gianyar regency. the roads are good and paved can be reached by any cars. tirta empul temple bequeathed to the people by ancient Rajadom is perhaps one of the most fascinating spot in the area. on the west side of this temple, high on the hill could be found a presidential palace that was built during soekarno’s time. which is an unspectacular; single-storey structure with several outbuildings designed by Sukarno himself and built in 1954 on the site of a Dutch rest house. the name of tirta empul temple derives from large spring in the center of the Temple “Tirta “mean holy water and Tirta Empul is Holy spring water.
The Tirta Empul temple is water flowing down to the Pakerisan’s river. Along the Pakerisan River there are some ancient monuments. The temple was built around 960 AD, during the ruled of Raja Candra Bayangsingha from the Warmadewa dynasty. Coforming with the structure of the most Balinese temple, it is divided into three main courtyards such as: the outer yard, the middle yard and the inner yard or the holiest part of the temple where the prayers take place.
Mayadenawa Raja Batu Anyar, of Bedulu, and Bhatara Indra. In the ancient tale the Raja Mayadenawa was such a tyrant forbade the people to carry out their religions activity to request the blessing of God. The Gods heard about this tyranny, and led by Bhatara Indra they attacked Mayadenawa. In the end he lost the battle and run away to hide in the forest to the north of the village Tampak Siring. With his magic powers He created a spring of poison.
Which coursed the death amongst Indra’s troops who drank the water with poison from the poisonous spring? In fury Bhatara Indra drove his spear into the ground at the point where the spring was bubbling up, rerouting it come out through the centre of Tirta Empul. His holy water was used to splash upon the afflicted Gods and revive them from the grasps of death. This mythology the expedition of Patih (minister) Gajah Mada from Majapahit courned Bali 1343 is symbolized Bhatara Indra, and the evil Raja Mayadenawa as Bhatara Cri Astasura Bhumi Banten.
According to folklore this myth is also connected to the Galungan day, which is celebrated every 6 months (210 days) according to the Balinese calendar, on a day known as “Hari Rebo Kliwon Wuku Dungulan” Galungan is a day on which battle beween good (Darma) and evil (Adharma) is commemorated. Every year on the day of Galungan all the sacred dance masks in Gianyar district are brought to the temple of Tirta Empul to be bathed in holy water.
The holy springs Temple at Tirta Empul are believed to have magical powers where most of the Balinese do the purification so the temple here is an important one. Despite its antiquity, the temple is glossy and gleaming new – it was totally restored in the late 60s. The inscription mentions the construction of Tirta Empul temple in 960 AD, when the king Chandrabhaya Singha Warmadewa ordered this which is already 1042 years ago.
It seems that this place was not interesting for ancient king but the first Indonesian president Soekarno had built his presidential villas just at the west side of the temple. This villa has brought also the name of Tampaksiring become known world widely. The present temple as a common temple of Bali, the layout is divided into 3 courtyards. At the middle courtyard is constructed and first courtyards were constructed:
1.Pool with 13 fountains, used as holy water for cremation or dead ceremony,
2.Pool with 8 fountains, used as water for symbolic cleaning ( spiritual purification ), when a person is sick it is believed he is infected by immaterial dirt.
3.Pool with 5 fountains for holy water used people from outside come to pray.
At the first courtyard is also a pool for public bathing place.
Total numbers of shrines are 30 nits currently, after later addition by local people who have the responsibility for the temple. The ceremony is performed every 210 days, and fixed date can be read in Balinese calendar. There is an old stone sculpture being preserved at the last courtyard of the temple in the form of buffalo. The condition of the carving is badly damage, so it can not be observed in detail to fix the type. Buffalo in the pantheon of Hindu is considered as the mount of god Shiwa and this animal is called ” Nandi.